Diabetes mellitus, which is simply referred to as diabetes, is a disease that causes high blood sugar.  This is a problem, as untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can cause damage to your nerves, eyes, kidneys, heart and other organs. It is important to treat your diabetes early to prevent any organ damage.

Your GP may refer you to an Endocrinologist when you are newly diagnosed with diabetes, if you need help controlling your diabetes, or if your diabetes has progressed, and your treatment is no longer affective.

There are a few different types of diabetes:

  • Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.
  • Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type.
  • Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it is not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.

For more information about diabetes, you can visit the diabetes Australia website by clicking the button below.